Biography of Abdou Diouf,Origin,Education,Policies,Achievements,Family,Children

Biography of Abdou Diouf,Origin,Education,Policies,Achievements,Family,Children


Hello,welcome to Biogreat Tv, if you’re new
here please subscribe and turn on the notification so you don’t miss our next video.  Biography
of Abdou Diouf Abdou Diouf born on the 7thof September 1935, is a Senegalese politician
who served as the second President of Senegal from 1981 to 2000. Diouf is remembered both
for coming to power by peaceful succession, and leaving willingly after losing the 2000
presidential election to Abdoulaye Wade. He also served as the second Secretary-General
of the Organisation internationale de la Francophoniefrom January 2003 to December 2014.Diouf was born
in Louga Senegal into the Joof family. He was the child of a Halpulaar mother and a
Serere father. He attended primary and secondary school at the Lycée Faidherbe in Saint-Louis,
and studied law at Dakar University, then at the Sorbonne in Paris. Diouf graduated
in 1959.After graduation, Diouf returned to his home country Senegal where in September
1960 he was appointed Director of International Technical Cooperation. He was only 25 years
at that time. In November of that same year, he became the assistant of the Secretary-General
of the Government and in June 1961 he was appointed Secretary-General of the Ministry
of Defense. In 1961 he joined theSenegalese Progressive Union (Union Progressiste Sénégalaise,
UPS), which later transformed into the Socialist Party of Senegal. In 1963, he was appointed
Director of the Cabinet of President Léopold Sédar Senghor, then Secretary General of
the Presidency of Senegal in 1964. Diouf later held the position of Minister of Planning
and Industry from 1968 to 1970 before he was appointed Prime Minister in 1970.In 1970,
Senghor made Diouf his protégé, prime minister. Senghor trusted Diouf to handle the position
well, given his administrative experience even though he had no independent power of
his own. This was because MamadouDia, Senghor’s last prime minister was accused of using the
position to launcha coup d’état. On New Year’s Day of 1981,Senghor resigned in favor of Diouf,
who stepped in to become president ofSenegal. Diouf continued to allow for some level of
political liberalization which Senghor had begun by holding elections in 1983. Fourteen
opposition parties were allowed torun, ten more than the four Senghor had allowed. This
worked in his favour in that the opposition became fragmented, allowing him to win 83.5
percent of the vote.When in 1985 opposing parties tried to form a coalition, it was
broken up on the grounds that coalitions were forbidden by the constitution. Also in 1985,
Abdoulaye Wade who was Diouf’s main political opponent was temporarily arrested for unlawful
demonstration.In February 1988, elections were again held again with Diouf winning 72.3
percent of the vote to Wade’s 25.8 percent. The opposition parties however alleged electoral
fraud. This led to civil disturbances and Diouf declared a state of emergency, detaining
Wade again until May of 1988.During Diouf’s presidency,Senegal agreed to form a confederation
called Senegambia with their smaller neighbor Gambia on the 12th of December 1981. The
actual union took place on 1stof February 1982. The confederation lasted from 1982 to
1989. In April of 1989,the Mauritania-Senegal Border War started, leading to an outbreak
of ethnic violence and the severing of diplomatic relations with Mauritania. As theregion destabilized,
the Senegambia confederation was dissolved. In 1986, Diouf began a massive anti-AIDS program
in Senegal, before the virus was able to take off in earnest. He used the media and schools
to encourage safe-sex messages and mandated prostitutes to be registered. He also encouraged
civic organizations and both Christian and Muslim religious leaders to help raise awareness
about AIDS. This campaign against AIDS yielded positive results.While the disease was devastating
much of Africa, the infection rate for Senegal stayed below 2 percent.In February 1993, Diouf
was reelected with 58 percent of the vote to a 7-year term; presidential term lengths
had earlier in 1991 been extended by two years. By the next elections in theyear 2000, his
popularity had begun to wane. In the first round of the elections held on the 27th of
February, he got only 41.3 percent of the vote to 30.1 percent for the long-time opposition
leader Abdoulaye Wade. When the second round heldon the 19th of March, he received only
41.5 percent to Wade’s 58.5percent. In a move uncommon of African leaders at the time,
Diouf conceded defeat and left office on the 1st of April.Indeed, from this electoral defeat
came one of Diouf’s greatest contributions to African peace.When Diouf left office, Wade
even suggested he should receive a Nobel PeacePrize for leaving without violence.Diouf has been
active in international organizations both during and after his presidency. He was President
of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) from 1985 to 1986. Soon after his election,he
made a personal appeal to François Mitterrand the President of France,resulting in France
speaking strongly for sanctions against apartheid SouthAfrica. In 1992, he was again re-electedPresident
of the OAU for another term. After leaving office as President of Senegal, he was unanimously
elected as Secretary-General of LaFrancophonie when the organization had its 9th Summit on
the 20th of October, 2002 in Beirut, after the only other candidate, Henri Lopes the
Republic of the Congo withdrew. He was re-elected as Secretary-General for another four year
term at the organization’s summit in Bucharest in September 2006. Diouf who is currently
84 years old, is married to Elizabeth Diouf and they have 4 children.What have we missed
out of this biography of Diouf? Let’s know in the comment section. Will it be ridiculous
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