Biography of Meles  Asres,Origin,Education,Policies,Achievements,Family

Biography of Meles Asres,Origin,Education,Policies,Achievements,Family


Hello, welcome to Biogreat Tv, if you’re new
here please subscribe and turn on the notification so you don’t miss our next video. Biography
of Meles Zenawi Asres Meles Zenawi Asres was born in Adwa northern Ethiopia on the 8th
of May 1955, as the third of six children. He was called “Legesse” at birth but he became
better known as Meles, which he adopted in honor of University student and fellow Tigrayan
Meles Tekle who was executed by the Derg government in 1975. He got his primary education at Queen
of Sheba Junior High School in Adwa. He then proceeded to the prestigious General Wingate
High school in Addis Ababa on full scholarship and completed high school in 1972. He graduated
and was awarded the Haile Selassie I Prize, a selective award given only to the most outstanding
students.In 1975, Meles left the Haile Selassie I University as a second year medical student
to join the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). He was first with Tigrayan National
Organization (TNO) the forerunner of Tigray People’s Liberation Front(TPLF). While a
member of the TPLF, Meles founded the Marxist-Leninist League of Tigray (MLLT). TPLF was one of armed
groups that fought against the Derg, the regime which led Ethiopia from 1974-1991. In 1979,
he was elected member of the leadership committee and chairman of the executive committee of
TPLF in 1983. After Mengistu Haile Mariam’s rule came to an end in 1991, Meles became
the president of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia during a July 1-5 conference for
Peace and Democracy. In that period as head of the transitional government, he paved the
way for Eritrea to secede from the country.In 1995, the Council of Representatives which
had Meles as chairman, elected him for a five year term to become Ethiopia’s prime Minister.
He was reelected again in the year 2000 for another five year term.In 2005, Meles allowed
Ethiopia’s first elections to be organized, to which western observers argued did not
meet international standards. After it was declared that Meles had won,massive protests
came up throughout the capital over election fraud. As a result, Meles ordered a crackdown
which led to the death of about 193 protesters while 763 others sustained injuries. Tens
of thousands more were jailed without charges. Though a Minister Berhan Hailu said the government
was “sorry and sad” for the loss of lives,he blamed the opposition party Coalition for
Unity and Democracy (CUD) for the violence.In 2010, another round of elections was held.
This time, the opposition and Ethiopian citizens were highly restricted.  Unsurprisingly,
Meles and his party were declared winners with over 99.6 percent of the parliamentary
seats. International observers criticized Meles severely for what they considered an
unfair election.In July 2012, questions began to pop up concerning Meles’ health when he
failed to attend African Union summit meetings held right in Addis Ababa. Opposition groups
claimed that Meles was probably dead already while receiving treatment in Belgium on the
16th of July. However the deputy Prime Minister Haile mariam Desalegn denied such, saying
he only had a minor illness. Though the government acknowledged that Meles was hospitalized,
they said his condition was not serious.But the rumours of his death continued when he
was not seen in the public after the 2012 G20 summit and at the time of the death of
the head of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church,Abune Paulos. On the 20th of August 2012, Meles
Zenawi finally died after contracting an infection in Belgium.The Minister of Information Bereket
Simon announced his death on state television: “It’s a sadday for Ethiopia…” Meles’s
funeral held at the Meskel Square in Addis Ababa on the 2nd of September 2012. The funeral
was attended by about 20 African presidents and thousands of Ethiopians. The period Meles
ruled in Ethiopia earned him both critics and supporters. His critics describe him as
a ruthless tyrant who carried out human rights abuses and extrajudicial killings and torture
while his supporters argue he brought great progress to Ethiopia, especially in infrastructure and
health care. Meles Zenawi got an MBA from the Open University of the United Kingdom
in 1995 and a Master of Science in economics from the Erasmus University of the Netherlands
in 2004. He also received an honorary doctoral degree in political science from the Hannam
University in South Korea in July 2002.During Prime Minister Meles Zenawi’s rule, Ethiopia
prospered economically with double digit economic growth for the last 9 years of his rule. Seven
years after Meles’ death, the economic growth continues in Ethiopia as his policies are
still being maintained.He was married to Azeb Mesfin, who was a rebel fighter in the TPLF
just like Meles. As of 2013, she was a Member of Parliament. They were married for 25 years
and had three children together namely Semhal Melese, Mareg Melese and Mebrate Melese. What
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