Everything you think you know about addiction is wrong | Johann Hari

Everything you think you know about addiction is wrong | Johann Hari


One of my earliest memories is of trying to wake up
one of my relatives and not being able to. And I was just a little kid,
so I didn’t really understand why, but as I got older, I realized we had
drug addiction in my family, including later cocaine addiction. I’d been thinking about it a lot lately,
partly because it’s now exactly 100 years since drugs were first banned
in the United States and Britain, and we then imposed that
on the rest of the world. It’s a century since we made
this really fateful decision to take addicts and punish them
and make them suffer, because we believed that would deter them;
it would give them an incentive to stop. And a few years ago, I was looking at
some of the addicts in my life who I love, and trying to figure out
if there was some way to help them. And I realized there were loads
of incredibly basic questions I just didn’t know the answer to, like, what really causes addiction? Why do we carry on with this approach
that doesn’t seem to be working, and is there a better way out there
that we could try instead? So I read loads of stuff about it, and I couldn’t really find
the answers I was looking for, so I thought, okay, I’ll go and sit
with different people around the world who lived this and studied this and talk to them and see
if I could learn from them. And I didn’t realize I would end up
going over 30,000 miles at the start, but I ended up going and meeting
loads of different people, from a transgender crack dealer
in Brownsville, Brooklyn, to a scientist who spends a lot of time
feeding hallucinogens to mongooses to see if they like them — it turns out they do, but only
in very specific circumstances — to the only country that’s ever
decriminalized all drugs, from cannabis to crack, Portugal. And the thing I realized
that really blew my mind is, almost everything we think
we know about addiction is wrong, and if we start to absorb
the new evidence about addiction, I think we’re going to have to change
a lot more than our drug policies. But let’s start with what we think
we know, what I thought I knew. Let’s think about this middle row here. Imagine all of you, for 20 days now, went
off and used heroin three times a day. Some of you look a little more
enthusiastic than others at this prospect. (Laughter) Don’t worry,
it’s just a thought experiment. Imagine you did that, right? What would happen? Now, we have a story about what would
happen that we’ve been told for a century. We think, because there are
chemical hooks in heroin, as you took it for a while, your body would become
dependent on those hooks, you’d start to physically need them, and at the end of those 20 days,
you’d all be heroin addicts. Right? That’s what I thought. First thing that alerted me to the fact
that something’s not right with this story is when it was explained to me. If I step out of this TED Talk today
and I get hit by a car and I break my hip, I’ll be taken to hospital
and I’ll be given loads of diamorphine. Diamorphine is heroin. It’s actually much better heroin
than you’re going to buy on the streets, because the stuff you buy
from a drug dealer is contaminated. Actually, very little of it is heroin, whereas the stuff you get
from the doctor is medically pure. And you’ll be given it for quite
a long period of time. There are loads of people in this room, you may not realize it,
you’ve taken quite a lot of heroin. And anyone who is watching this
anywhere in the world, this is happening. And if what we believe
about addiction is right — those people are exposed
to all those chemical hooks — What should happen?
They should become addicts. This has been studied really carefully. It doesn’t happen; you will have noticed
if your grandmother had a hip replacement, she didn’t come out as a junkie.
(Laughter) And when I learned this,
it seemed so weird to me, so contrary to everything I’d been told,
everything I thought I knew, I just thought it couldn’t be right,
until I met a man called Bruce Alexander. He’s a professor
of psychology in Vancouver who carried out an incredible experiment I think really helps us
to understand this issue. Professor Alexander explained to me, the idea of addiction we’ve all
got in our heads, that story, comes partly from a series of experiments that were done earlier
in the 20th century. They’re really simple. You can do them tonight at home
if you feel a little sadistic. You get a rat and you put it in a cage,
and you give it two water bottles: One is just water, and the other is water
laced with either heroin or cocaine. If you do that, the rat will almost always
prefer the drug water and almost always
kill itself quite quickly. So there you go, right?
That’s how we think it works. In the ’70s, Professor Alexander comes
along and he looks at this experiment and he noticed something. He said ah, we’re putting
the rat in an empty cage. It’s got nothing to do
except use these drugs. Let’s try something different. So Professor Alexander built a cage
that he called “Rat Park,” which is basically heaven for rats. They’ve got loads of cheese,
they’ve got loads of colored balls, they’ve got loads of tunnels. Crucially, they’ve got loads of friends.
They can have loads of sex. And they’ve got both the water bottles,
the normal water and the drugged water. But here’s the fascinating thing: In Rat Park, they don’t
like the drug water. They almost never use it. None of them ever use it compulsively. None of them ever overdose. You go from almost 100 percent overdose
when they’re isolated to zero percent overdose when they
have happy and connected lives. Now, when he first saw this,
Professor Alexander thought, maybe this is just a thing about rats,
they’re quite different to us. Maybe not as different as we’d like,
but, you know — But fortunately, there was
a human experiment into the exact same principle happening
at the exact same time. It was called the Vietnam War. In Vietnam, 20 percent of all American
troops were using loads of heroin, and if you look at the news
reports from the time, they were really worried, because
they thought, my God, we’re going to have hundreds of thousands of junkies
on the streets of the United States when the war ends; it made total sense. Now, those soldiers who were using
loads of heroin were followed home. The Archives of General Psychiatry
did a really detailed study, and what happened to them? It turns out they didn’t go to rehab.
They didn’t go into withdrawal. Ninety-five percent of them just stopped. Now, if you believe the story
about chemical hooks, that makes absolutely no sense,
but Professor Alexander began to think there might be a different
story about addiction. He said, what if addiction isn’t
about your chemical hooks? What if addiction is about your cage? What if addiction is an adaptation
to your environment? Looking at this, there was another professor
called Peter Cohen in the Netherlands who said, maybe we shouldn’t
even call it addiction. Maybe we should call it bonding. Human beings have a natural
and innate need to bond, and when we’re happy and healthy,
we’ll bond and connect with each other, but if you can’t do that, because you’re traumatized or isolated
or beaten down by life, you will bond with something
that will give you some sense of relief. Now, that might be gambling,
that might be pornography, that might be cocaine,
that might be cannabis, but you will bond and connect
with something because that’s our nature. That’s what we want as human beings. And at first, I found this quite
a difficult thing to get my head around, but one way that helped me
to think about it is, I can see, I’ve got over by my seat
a bottle of water, right? I’m looking at lots of you, and lots
of you have bottles of water with you. Forget the drugs. Forget the drug war. Totally legally, all of those bottles
of water could be bottles of vodka, right? We could all be getting drunk —
I might after this — (Laughter) — but we’re not. Now, because you’ve been able to afford
the approximately gazillion pounds that it costs to get into a TED Talk,
I’m guessing you guys could afford to be drinking vodka
for the next six months. You wouldn’t end up homeless. You’re not going to do that,
and the reason you’re not going to do that is not because anyone’s stopping you. It’s because you’ve got
bonds and connections that you want to be present for. You’ve got work you love.
You’ve got people you love. You’ve got healthy relationships. And a core part of addiction, I came to think, and I believe
the evidence suggests, is about not being able to bear
to be present in your life. Now, this has really
significant implications. The most obvious implications
are for the War on Drugs. In Arizona, I went out
with a group of women who were made to wear t-shirts
saying, “I was a drug addict,” and go out on chain gangs and dig graves
while members of the public jeer at them, and when those women get out of prison,
they’re going to have criminal records that mean they’ll never work
in the legal economy again. Now, that’s a very extreme example,
obviously, in the case of the chain gang, but actually almost
everywhere in the world we treat addicts to some degree like that. We punish them. We shame them.
We give them criminal records. We put barriers between them reconnecting. There was a doctor in Canada,
Dr. Gabor Maté, an amazing man, who said to me, if you wanted to design
a system that would make addiction worse, you would design that system. Now, there’s a place that decided
to do the exact opposite, and I went there to see how it worked. In the year 2000, Portugal had
one of the worst drug problems in Europe. One percent of the population was addicted
to heroin, which is kind of mind-blowing, and every year, they tried
the American way more and more. They punished people and stigmatized them
and shamed them more, and every year, the problem got worse. And one day, the Prime Minister and
the leader of the opposition got together, and basically said, look, we can’t go on with a country where we’re having
ever more people becoming heroin addicts. Let’s set up a panel
of scientists and doctors to figure out what would
genuinely solve the problem. And they set up a panel led by
an amazing man called Dr. João Goulão, to look at all this new evidence, and they came back and they said, “Decriminalize all drugs
from cannabis to crack, but” — and this is the crucial next step — “take all the money we used to spend
on cutting addicts off, on disconnecting them, and spend it instead
on reconnecting them with society.” And that’s not really what we think of
as drug treatment in the United States and Britain. So they do do residential rehab, they do psychological therapy,
that does have some value. But the biggest thing they did
was the complete opposite of what we do: a massive program
of job creation for addicts, and microloans for addicts
to set up small businesses. So say you used to be a mechanic. When you’re ready, they’ll go
to a garage, and they’ll say, if you employ this guy for a year,
we’ll pay half his wages. The goal was to make sure
that every addict in Portugal had something to get out
of bed for in the morning. And when I went and met the addicts
in Portugal, what they said is,
as they rediscovered purpose, they rediscovered bonds
and relationships with the wider society. It’ll be 15 years this year
since that experiment began, and the results are in: injecting drug use is down in Portugal, according to the British
Journal of Criminology, by 50 percent, five-zero percent. Overdose is massively down,
HIV is massively down among addicts. Addiction in every study
is significantly down. One of the ways you know it’s worked
so well is that almost nobody in Portugal wants to go back to the old system. Now, that’s the political implications. I actually think there’s a layer
of implications to all this research below that. We live in a culture where people
feel really increasingly vulnerable to all sorts of addictions,
whether it’s to their smartphones or to shopping or to eating. Before these talks began —
you guys know this — we were told we weren’t allowed
to have our smartphones on, and I have to say, a lot of you
looked an awful lot like addicts who were told their dealer
was going to be unavailable for the next couple of hours. (Laughter) A lot of us feel like that,
and it might sound weird to say, I’ve been talking about how disconnection
is a major driver of addiction and weird to say it’s growing, because you think we’re the most connected
society that’s ever been, surely. But I increasingly began to think
that the connections we have or think we have, are like a kind
of parody of human connection. If you have a crisis in your life,
you’ll notice something. It won’t be your Twitter followers
who come to sit with you. It won’t be your Facebook friends
who help you turn it round. It’ll be your flesh and blood friends
who you have deep and nuanced and textured, face-to-face
relationships with, and there’s a study I learned about from
Bill McKibben, the environmental writer, that I think tells us a lot about this. It looked at the number of close friends
the average American believes they can call on in a crisis. That number has been declining
steadily since the 1950s. The amount of floor space
an individual has in their home has been steadily increasing, and I think that’s like a metaphor for the choice we’ve made as a culture. We’ve traded floorspace for friends,
we’ve traded stuff for connections, and the result is we are one of the
loneliest societies there has ever been. And Bruce Alexander, the guy who did
the Rat Park experiment, says, we talk all the time in addiction
about individual recovery, and it’s right to talk about that, but we need to talk much more
about social recovery. Something’s gone wrong with us,
not just with individuals but as a group, and we’ve created a society where,
for a lot of us, life looks a whole lot more
like that isolated cage and a whole lot less like Rat Park. If I’m honest, this isn’t
why I went into it. I didn’t go in to the discover
the political stuff, the social stuff. I wanted to know how to help
the people I love. And when I came back from this
long journey and I’d learned all this, I looked at the addicts in my life, and if you’re really candid,
it’s hard loving an addict, and there’s going to be lots of people
who know in this room. You are angry a lot of the time, and I think one of the reasons
why this debate is so charged is because it runs through the heart
of each of us, right? Everyone has a bit of them
that looks at an addict and thinks, I wish someone would just stop you. And the kind of scripts we’re told for how
to deal with the addicts in our lives is typified by, I think, the reality show “Intervention,”
if you guys have ever seen it. I think everything in our lives
is defined by reality TV, but that’s another TED Talk. If you’ve ever seen
the show “Intervention,” it’s a pretty simple premise. Get an addict, all the people
in their life, gather them together, confront them with what they’re doing,
and they say, if you don’t shape up, we’re going to cut you off. So what they do is they take
the connection to the addict, and they threaten it,
they make it contingent on the addict behaving the way they want. And I began to think, I began to see
why that approach doesn’t work, and I began to think that’s almost like
the importing of the logic of the Drug War into our private lives. So I was thinking,
how could I be Portuguese? And what I’ve tried to do now,
and I can’t tell you I do it consistently and I can’t tell you it’s easy, is to say to the addicts in my life that I want to deepen
the connection with them, to say to them, I love you
whether you’re using or you’re not. I love you, whatever state you’re in, and if you need me,
I’ll come and sit with you because I love you and I don’t
want you to be alone or to feel alone. And I think the core of that message — you’re not alone, we love you — has to be at every level
of how we respond to addicts, socially, politically and individually. For 100 years now, we’ve been singing
war songs about addicts. I think all along we should have been
singing love songs to them, because the opposite of addiction
is not sobriety. The opposite of addiction is connection. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “Everything you think you know about addiction is wrong | Johann Hari

  1. there is nothing more riddled with smugness, condescension and intellectual arrogance than a title that says “everything you know about ___ is wrong”

  2. Why treat (other) drug addicts different than alcoholics? Feels a bit like discrimination…? Shouldn`t we love everyone equally as much?

  3. seeing this breaks my heart seriously, cause in the end its not ALL drug addiction. ive just gone through a break-up with my girlfriend where i was the addicted. And i started seeing my own problems that i was cutting myself off emotionally from my loved ones and that i was going down a dark slip-n-slide that almost had no way up. weed was my get-a-way-drug because it mellows you down to the point where your not thinking about your problem anymore. in my addiction even i saw the addiction SHE was going through it was a mental addiction putting up her 'wall' whenever anyone got close even if they were the ones loving her the most. nobody can get in not her family not her friends, because she puts herself in the 4th spot off importance ( and usually thats a good thing helping others ) but not when you yourself also needs help. since our holiday my mind got clean and i saw my own demons faced them and conquered them. but for the past 4 years ive been trying to open her up because i saw it but in the end where im at now im trying to beat down a wall that has 10 maissoners behind. an addict needs to see it for themselves and yes its up to us to show them HOW. but how do you make someone see who's been blinded by her whole life as a trauma? the one whos whole life has been about helping others and staying strong while she is the weakest of the bunch. do i need to stick around and man up, or do i have to walk my own path or clearance and make her see through that?

  4. I agree with him.
    This is coming from a recovered alcoholic with 4.5 years sober.
    With efforts and a new life that I created… NO more addiction!!
    Its TRUE!!!

  5. I tried to show this to my family because they don’t trust my words.

    I don’t think they watched it because I have never been told,”I’m here for you”

  6. I've done many different drugs, the highest high I ever felt was from a live fresh egg, out from underneath the chicken less than one minute old. Complete euphoria.!. Nothing has ever compared.

  7. I drank for 45 years haven't touch a drop in 12 years! My system has worked for me, I don't agree with most of what he said, but if it works for you? Never judge anyone unless you have walked a mile in their shoes" god bless" and I mean it!

  8. You can only really understand addiction if you have gone though it personally (whatever substance that maybe). Living with loved ones struggling with addiction gives you some of it but it doesn't give you the full picture.

  9. Everything legal easy safe and cheap to get . It would take a while to stabilize but will work out for the better in the end .

  10. Wow this is powerful!!!! Best ted talk I’ve seen as of rite now. I’m going to watch this more than once. This guy brought the truth. Cause he cares to. Smash the like button. Can believe this knowledge is for free. Amazing stuff!!!

  11. Thankyou for this upload. I have an ex friend, who did so much cocaine that she thought I was sleeping with her husband, and selling drugs to her neighbors, when I've been sober my whole life from drugs, and I've never even met her husband. It was very sad that I had to cut her out of my life. 🙁 But she couldn't help it, due to her drug psychosis. I pray she gets help soon, bcuz shes such a sweet girl and doesn't deserve to be feeling that way.

  12. I can buy into this a little bit but I am a recovering addict going on 4 years clean and I started becuase I got into a bad accident and lost my leg came out of the hospital dependent on pills and then gradually escalated to coke crack and H…. I had family and friends that tried and tried to love me and I didnt care all i wanted was to get that fix and numb my feelings.

  13. I am a recovering heroin iv'r, and also have a degree, had a family, home,car etc…aka:the ideal life. When I altered my rx by 5 mgs I got 2 felonies which jump started my heroin addiction…I could no longer use my degree, and I was labeled a felon…and probably will be the rest of my life, as well as wear the label of a junkie, addict….I think the gov. Should invest in recovery programs with incentives, ie: record expungement, job placement, home and family rehab. The longer the addict stays sober and changes for the better, the more they get their life back….This would be a God send for me, because after sobriety I often feel hopeless still due to my record and don't know what to do anymore except get high….God bless all my recovering friends and ones still in the madness..#ChangeIsNeeded

  14. Excellent video. I can relate to this big time,took drugs in loads of different prisons until i landed at northeye C catorgary prison in sussex old R A F Base, when here my smoking herion stopped because it was such a nice jail great food excellent gym and just a great visual place to be,my family couldnt believe it when i said no more herion on visit days,jogging round the grounds at 7am every morning turned into a fittness addict instead, the happy days stopped the day i was released and got home in South east london and instantly started smoking H again and petty crime .

  15. This guy is amazing. He touched on things that I have started to take notice on at different times over the last 10-15 years. He spoke about Portugal, and the positive affects of decriminalization of their war on drugs. I could ramble all day, but I urge people to watch a documentary called “American Drug War:The Last White Hope”…..It’s definitely an eye opener, and will almost make you mad(or not) when you talk about the money that is put towards fighting the drug war, it’s ineffectiveness, and the profiting off of said drug war. Profiting in the prison system, Big Pharma, and alcohol companies. You can blame lobbyists for that.

    His rat in the cage metaphor was spot on. I’ve pointed out in class that I don’t like what social media has done to our society, especially the younger kids. It definitely can dictate ones energy for the day if you feed that addiction. That being said, there are choice nuggets on social media that have enlightened me, which is why I could end up rambling. I found an article awhile back that said it’s scientifically proven that when someone goes dancing with a bunch of people, it can have a tremendously positive on your overall energy. I had recently gone to see DJ with a bunch of my friends, and had seen my favorite band right after that…..again, with a bunch of friends, and the energy I felt was unbelievable when walking out of the venue. I had been stressed out I think, but either way it was a game changer for days and weeks. So, back to the rat in the cage. If you have demons, addictions, or whatever you feel holds you back……get out of your cage, surround yourself with the people you love, and feel the energy that’s around you. We truly are all connected. Find those amazing distractions that you know take your mind off of your other “distractions”. Believe me, I get it.

  16. First of all, if what you found in this video is useful for you, take it. If it resonated with you and you find it valuable, use it to get better 🙂 It does have some truths in it.
    That being said, sadly this talk has been plagiarized almost completely from a video made by Kurgesagt (In a Nutshell). Almost word by word. Kurgesagt later admitted that the video they made was biased and overlooked any currently accepted scientific evidende. The apologized and erased the video from their channel, although you can still find the apology video on their channel and the original video on the internet. This talk gives a very narrow view of the subject.
    Check out the original creators of this talk and their apology video.

  17. this guy is a lair hes been caught Plagiarizing and he does NOT have degrees or training or knowledge of addiction or anything of the sort. hes a news journalist and is NOT qualified to give this kind of advice, so please seek a professional for help go to groups or something but dont listen to this loon.

  18. Whats sad is there taking the meds away from old people that need them for pain !!! And they should give free help to people that are addicted if someone needs methadone or suboxone they should give it to them !!!!

  19. This is literally a copy-paste from Kurzgezagt.

    Any credits to the real creators of this argument as well as the motto "The opposite of addiction is not sobriety, it is connection"?

  20. I had to take morphine through a self dosed drip for over a week and it was the most disgusting feeling in the world. I wasn't in pain anymore but I felt poisoned, if that makes any sense. I demanded they take the i.v. out of my arm and remove the machine from my room. They sent a psychiatrist in next. Ha they thought I was crazy 😆

  21. This is amazing and I hope that we will finally be able to stop ridiculing addict's …
    They need love and support … not to be tossed like garbage …

  22. You need a spiritual awakening Danny's meditation for real alcoholics and the 12 steps need a spiritual shift and keep in step 11 if you need to bond with something or some one your in trouble poor me poor me poor me to much high self esteem and resentment

  23. Thanks for this video because the one knows the value of this video will feel something. You are not alone. we, I'm with you .

  24. It's sad that no one thinks they can turn to God because the world has wanted to become their own God and have no consequences.

  25. Being only 18 and being addicted to alcohol, to me..it didn't matter connections at the point, didn't matter if I didn't have the drink, all it mattered was the numbness to out weight the loneliness.

  26. RECOVERY in AA: “Finding
    Security in Chaos”

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8-yCb2MaZU&list=LLGpc-MJdqMV4wBMvA055QEA&index=3&t=0s

  27. RECOVERY in AA: “Finding
    Security in Chaos”

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8-yCb2MaZU&list=LLGpc-MJdqMV4wBMvA055QEA&index=3&t=0s

  28. DIAMORPHINE FOR A BROKEN HIP? – NO MATE , YOU GET VERY WEAK OPIATES , THERE WAS LOADS OF NAM SOLDIERS THAT ADDICTED……… WERE NOT RIGHT ABOUT THE LONELINESS AND BONDING SOMEONE WITH SOMEONE – COCAINE AND ALCOHOL ISSUES NOW EX HEROIN SMOKER . AND YER YOUR RIGHT , EVERYONE NEEDS SELF ESTEEM >>> BY THE WAY IF YOU DO DO HEROIN LIKE USE TO SMOKE IT

  29. I become addicted to pain pills after several back surgurys..No one will have anything to do with me…I'm really trying to get well..

  30. Well well well… but how can you detect how people are feeling that they are happy or not on their own lives? In other words, how to avoid the first time using drugs? To me, it seems to be the most important thing to do. It's not correct to compare the use of drugs to the use of smartphones, or video games, as equivalent kinds of addicting content.
    So that, how to detect a friend addicting for something versus its own hobby for that? Can we admit that a friend is using cocaine as a hobby? I don't think so.

  31. Isn't that so true:) The addict is trying to disconnect, disappear, & get away from whatever feels (or is) so awful in their lives. With nothing to stop the downward spiral, other than possibly you, stepping in & "forgiving", & standing by with unwavering love & support. Yea, I believe one can "love" an addict without enabling them…

  32. I don’t have enough money to show drug addicts love, I don’t think low of You I just can’t afford financially to keep dealing with you.

  33. If that row of people did heroin for 20 days they would absolutely be begging for more after those 20 days. Cocaine may have been a better example.

  34. This is extraordinary I subbed after watching this! The best knowledge to addiction I've ever heard just amazing & useful to know

  35. "you can do this experiment tonight…" talking about giving rat's two water bottles, one with water, and the other being "either heroin or cocaine"

  36. Thank you for the amazing speech, it touched my soul…
    Im portuguese and its true, the way our country aproached the drug problem really helped a lot…
    Hope the rest of the world follows our example

  37. it's not true ..90% of all medication is used in the USA! the other 10% is used by the rest of the world! A serious agenda to weaken the USA .. planned decades ago…we get one little pil morphine after operation. the rest . paracetamol .i. had 3 kids no medication… . You all get way too much poison.. on purpose ..remember halve the population on prosac in the 80's?? ➡only in the USA!

  38. Interesting talk. Fact check: American Vietnam war veterans addicted to heroin: A frequent source for this assertion is Dr. Jeremy Kuzmarov book, The Myth of the Addicted Army. His book is often misquoted and misrepresented by individuals on both sides of this conversation. His case is that the veterans did not use heroin more than the normal population.

    "Among the images of the Vietnam War burned into the American consciousness was that of the drug-addicted veteran—unstable, constantly on the verge of a breakdown, a living casualty of an immoral conflict. It is this symbol that Jeremy Kuzmarov convincingly challenges, arguing that while U.S. troops in Vietnam engaged in recreational marijuana use, almost always outside of combat, the notion that widespread heroin addiction had crippled American servicemen was a myth perpetuated by both the right and the left to serve their two disparate political agendas. Sensational media portrayals of stoned GIs and veterans returning to the United States as junkies aided both sides in the creation and perpetuation of the myth, providing photographs, quotes, and analysis that convinced the American public of the domestic threat it faced from addicted vets and of… " Summary from Oxford Journal of Social History. https://academic.oup.com/jsh/article-abstract/45/3/868/1746081?redirectedFrom=fulltext

  39. Wow amazing TED talk! Your a beautiful soul.. may God keep giving you strength to sacrifice your time in order to help others. Thank you 🙏🏼

  40. This guy is lying, in no hospital would you be given heroin for long enough to get hooked, 3-4 days max & then a less powerful drug.

  41. There was a job program similar in Cali about a decade ago with welfare and I have no idea wtf happened to it I don't think employers wanted anything to do with it so makes me wonder the result if it were for addicts.our country had rather have us in poverty and addicted than working and healthy .no money in the cure .plain and simple.as long as amerikkka is controlled by greed and warmongering there will never be anything other than death addiction disease and prison here while rich assholes laugh cause it's all in their favor .d.c.has to be destroyed! Help us end the insanity!

  42. Tried to put a comment on earlier ,but I think it failed .My son is in a rehabilitation unit, in Italy . He was 8 when we moved to italy , thought that was a pretty flexible age. We moved mainly to a quiet place to stay free of all the problems ,what I did not realise was a small village has it's own problems,because the kids are beyound bored.He has now been in #Sanpatrignano Age 22 now. 2 yrs.Another 2 to go , he will or can learn a trade , he has grown , mentally . But the strange thing as a parent is we always thought of him as a popular kid, learnt the language quickly Always friends calling on the phone or to the house..But his thoughts were feeling isolated.

  43. Great talk, loved it. But, what ever was making that noise in the background was terrible. It sounded like a mix between a plastic cart with a bum wheel riding over a rough surface & a coffee machine that is constantly percolating & spitting steam.

  44. Im sad to see this was aired 4 years ago!? This has got to catch on, it has to spread – this is the answer! God help us!

  45. His point at the beginning is rubbish. Loads of people start addiction after being on prescribed pain killers? Am i wrong?

  46. Bullshit. "They" created laws to empower them selves. Keep the court full and the money transfered to themselves. "They allow individuals to "trade" until they have amassed wealth, then confiscate all their prooerty and wealth, effectively giving it to them selves, free labour and toil. You dont hear the establishments handing out cash and property to the homeless, to the contrary the homeless are more than likley going to end up in court as well. All the time indulging in every vice known to man while pointing there ruddy fingers and saying " look over there, There's the bad one"
    Now there's less crime than ever, they make new laws to keep the courts full. Scare everyine into buying Insurance, paying illegal taxes, voting for illigitame politicians, who are the real the criminals in Armani.
    The game has always been get someone else to make your money for you. Discourage anyone from achieving more than them. Maintain the upper hand at all costs. Remember if people were independent, them we don't need government or politicians. Their the ones who are in a constant state of anxiety, when are these fools going to realise we are the enemy within. Never mind until the scotch runs low. Then we'll outlaw them through taxes, and steal there product. And away it goes again. See you in court. 5 years later and nothing changes. Gesara Now. Plus interest from 2012. Thank you. Scam bags.

  47. I use Drugs and don't consider doing something that makes the tedious pace of life tranquil and bearable an addiction, more like a sensible, practical way to spend life.

    Unfortunately, a great part of society, having now accepting, and seeming to want drugs, and maybey someone they considered according to their social standing beneath them, has the means to not only change existing policies, but co-ordinate a careful, respectful and bias-free effort to get a peace pact between all the non-aggressive, peaceful countries that just want to co-exist in the world. I can think of one country that may not want to co-operate, so make your pick, US or them.

  48. Addiction is a myth just a word to justify being a selfish self-centred pleasure seeker, guess what they do, crash cars killing people, steal and murder, smash up families, fill prisons, bring down misery on all, lovers of Death they are it's sick it's Evil and the innocent pay and pay and pay

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