The Science of Teaching and Effective Education

The Science of Teaching and Effective Education


Benjamin Franklin apparently said. “Tell me and I forget.” “Teach me and I remember.” “Involve me and I learn.” But what do we REALLY know about effective learning hundred years later? Many respected economists and educators from the world’s leading universities researched this topic. They discovered that many things don’t matter, such as classroom size, new technology, or fancy uniforms. Their evidence
suggests that the secret to thriving students are amazing teachers. Here’s what they have learned. First we have to acknowledge that teaching is a highly complex skill. It involves a deep understanding of the subject matter and the ability to explain complex issues in simple ways. But it also requires an understanding of psychology, pedagogy, as well as a wide range of management skills in order to get the student’s first quiet and then excited. Rob Coe, Professor at Durham University reported that many widely used methods don’t work: for example grouping students by ability, giving unearned praise, or the idea that students can discover complex concepts by themselves. Instead, master instructors have high exceptions and maximize the lesson time. But most importantly, they combine high quality instruction with pedagogical content knowledge. They don’t teach a subject, they teach their students how to learn it for themselves. In order to get it right, we have to treat and train teachers like brain surgeons. After all they also operate on human brains. Like aspiring doctors, they are best trained in the field where they receive professional feedback when they made mistakes. Effective schools of education therefore, train teaching like a craft, rather than an abstract science. At Sposato, a Graduate School of Education known for creating effective teachers, students spend a lot of their time tutoring or assisting professionals. Teachers who are already in the classroom, need regular professional feedback on the job. A vast study by Roland Fryer from Harvard found that teachers who receive precise instructions together with specific regular feedback from a lead teacher, will improve the most. Other good ideas to improve teachers are to ask the students for feedback or to record lessons on video and let the teachers watch themselves. Doug Lemov, founder of UnCommon Schools and author of Teach Like A Champion, identified many methods that great teachers use: they greet each student at the door so students feel welcomed and acknowledged of their existence. Later they use a strong voice and don’t stop talking until they have everyone’s attention. Plus, they teach for mastery learning to ensure students get it 100% right before they proceed. But maybe most importantly, great teachers first get their students excited and then keep their attention through story-telling and engaging activities that sparks their imaginations. A paper published by Stanford in 2009 showed that leadership makes a big difference too. At low performing schools, principals hardly ever show up in the classrooms, but instead spend most of their time on administration, documents or finance. Schools with better students, have principals that get out of their office and spend a lot of time in the classrooms, supervising and developing the teachers. Together, they can make a big different in their students life Economist Raj Chetty and his team, analyzed the data of 2.5 million US students and 18 million test results. He thinks that instructors who are good at teaching to the test, have a big impact. On average, having such a teacher for just ONE year, raises the students test scores and cumulative lifetime income by 14,500 – in
2011 dollars. On early childhood education, he has another hypothesis: Great kindergarten teachers help to develop social skills, discipline and character. Their impact does not improve test scores during the school years, but surprisingly reemerges years later, when their former students apply those skills to advance in their careers and find meaningful and well-paying jobs. Eric Hanushek, Professor at Stanford University, computed how much good teachers really matter. He found out that top teachers get students to learn 50% more each year than an average instructor. Poorly trained ones, just half of the average. That means that 10 years at school can either result in 15 years of actual learning or just a mere 5 years. This is a massive difference that mainly hurts children from low-income families who can’t afford extra classes or changing to a better school. American novelist Gail Godwin once wrote: “good teaching is one-fourth preparation” “and three-fourths pure theatre.” To see a great actors in action watch Michael Sandel from Harvard teach Law, Robert Sapolsky from Stanford teach Behavioral Biology, Walter Michel from MIT teach Physics or Mr. Hester managing a classroom of teenagers. Links are in the description below and other great instructors in our channel playlists. Now please share YOUR favorite teachers in the comments below!

60 thoughts on “The Science of Teaching and Effective Education

  1. Yeah there are people who think some people are just natural learners and it cannot be taught. Glad to see another creator talk about this kind of thing.

    Having a great teacher in school , sports, life, can have a huge impact.

  2. I can share one of my best teacher, so all can see him in the net: Mateusz Grzesiak – psychologist, in US they call him Dr Matt

  3. We need to teach that those things we study in school are TOOLS, and not just a limited knowledge that you only study in school and when you leave it you don't use anymore. They need to know how to go for it by themselves. Learn how to learn! Knowledge is infinite, teachers aren't.

  4. yours vedio are the best I like your vedioes. please can make an vedio on how to deal with pressure during exams and tips to do and learn for exams

  5. “The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.”
    – William Arthur Ward
    Just recently made a video about dropping out, because quite often I just get told stuff that I should memorize.
    But we have one incredibly inspiring professor, he makes up for all the rest. It's so valuable to have at least one great teacher!

  6. There are some teachers who worked at random companies and later decided later in their lives to stop so they can become a what are now. Those are the ones that just left bc they wanted smth different. They are the best

  7. How about 'old-school' teachers who refuse to change anything about their teaching methods? Reasons : 1) my way works for years, why do I need to change anything? 2) my way still produces the result that I want, I do not what to add more work by learning or preparing anything new.

  8. Hiiii, You're channel inspired me to make a channel myself, I was wondering if you would be willing to give me a shoutout. Haha I doubt you would with 136k subs but hey a kid can dream 🙂

  9. The best thing I have experienced in school (besides my friends) is being taught by the teachers I had. If a teacher can explain things difficult in a way that you understand, it gives you a confidence boost, knowing you just learned and UNDERSTOOD a difficult concept.

  10. Yes even I agree ,
    there are few teachers in my life who have not only taught me the subject but also the way to live life, making independent, handling situations effectively, motivating , always encouraging and seeing possibilities and positivity in every situations. So yes , only knowing the subject is not important but learning it is. Thanks to all such teachers

  11. Thank you for this and all your other fantastic videos! By the way, at time 5:45 I think the great physics MIT professor you want to refer to is Walter Lewin, not "Michel" (see end of https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2693&v=tNpuTx7UQbw).

  12. Btw my elemntary and junior high school make us must shakehands with teacher before come to class but i hate when i must meet killer teacher who angry when he or she see something wrong with my uniform or some teacher with conflict with me but i must shakehands with humiliate view from that teacher

  13. One of my favorite junior high school teacher always storytelling but many of my friend didnt exiceted and bored and more of that sometimes cauze he was too old so many point of view from him mock my firend personal life indirectly

  14. Maybe thats right how our kindergaten student affect our social relation indirectly cauze i have a hard time with social until junior high school and when i am at kindergaten my teacher look like make me feel inferiority besides other problem at home. Maybe it look like nonsense for adult like us but when i am a child i still didnt know how to manage that feeling well

  15. I hear and I forget.
    I see and I remember.
    I do and I understand.
    I practice and I master.
    I am a homo exercen;
    No master fall from heaven.

  16. My favorite professor is Sandhya ma'am. She makes the topics interesting by interacting with everyone and she notice everyone and make sure we understand that topic correctly. Her jokes r intellectual and related to that particular topic. I want to become a person like her….!!!!!

  17. people of EACH and EVERY generation should participate in mentoring school students, that way there is an even spread of wisdom across ages.

  18. I don't need to sit in a classroom learning to be a teacher I already know how to teach. Put me in the classroom with the children I will teach and you will see I know how to teach. I don't need classes that aren't useful to my field I don't need pre-required courses I need to be in the teaching program. I know what works and I know what doesn't work. LET ME TEACH it's what I was born to do.

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